name: john singer sergeant
birth place: Florence Italy
birth date: 12 January 1856
zodiac sign: Capricorn
death place: London England
death date: 14 April 1925
languages: English, French, Italian, German
John Singer Sargent ( 12 January, 1856 – 14 April, 1925) was an American expatriate artist, considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation" for his evocations of Edwardian-era luxury.He created roughly 900 oil paintings and more than 2,000 watercolors, as well as countless sketches and charcoal drawings. His oeuvre documents worldwide travel, from Venice to the Tyrol, Corfu, the Middle East, Montana, Maine, and Florida.
He was born in Florence to American parents, and trained in Paris before moving to London, living most of his life in Europe. He enjoyed international acclaim as a portrait painter, although not without controversy and some critical reservation; an early submission to the Paris Salon, his Portrait of Madame X, was intended to consolidate his position as a society painter, but instead resulted in scandal. From the beginning his work is characterized by remarkable technical facility, particularly in his ability to draw with a brush, which in later years inspired admiration as well as criticism for a supposed superficiality. His commissioned works were consistent with the grand manner of portraiture, while his informal studies and landscape paintings displayed a familiarity with Impressionism. In later life Sargent expressed ambivalence about the restrictions of formal portrait work, and devoted much of his energy to mural painting and working en plein air. Art historians generally ignored "society" artists such as Sargent until the late 20th century.
"the unrivaled recorder of male power and female beauty in a day that, like ours, paid excessive court to both."
John Singer Sargent, né le 12 janvier 1856 à Florence (Grand-duché de Toscane), et mort le 14 avril 1925 à Londres (Angleterre), est un peintre américain qui vécut essentiellement en Europe.
Élève de Carolus-Duran, de Léon Bonnat et d'Adolphe Yvon, il étudie à l'École des beaux-arts de Paris. Il est ami ou proche de grands artistes de l'époque, comme Claude Monet, Paul Helleu, Albert Besnard, Gabriel Fauré ou encore Edmund Gosse. Sargent est particulièrement connu pour son habileté dans les portraits, caractérisés par un style sophistiqué, une virtuosité visuelle et une certaine audace théâtrale. Il réalise sur commande des portraits d'hommes et de femmes les plus célèbres, riches ou puissants d'Europe ou des États-Unis, comme ceux de l'académicien Édouard Pailleron et de son épouse, Auguste Rodin, John D. Rockefeller, Robert Louis Stevenson, ou encore ceux des présidents, Theodore Roosevelt
Subjects: society ladies