Donna Reed (born Donna Belle Mullenger; January 27, 1921 – January 14, 1986) was an American actress. Her career spanned more than 40 years, with performances in more than 40 films. She is well known for her role as Mary Hatch Bailey in Frank Capra's 1946 film It's a Wonderful Life. In 1953, she received the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance as Lorene Burke in the war drama From Here to Eternity.
Reed is known for her work in television, notably as Donna Stone, a middle-class American mother and housewife in the sitcom The Donna Reed Show (1958–1966), in which her character was more assertive than most other television mothers of the era. She received numerous Emmy Award nominations for this role and the Golden Globe Award for Best TV Star in 1963.
Reed was born Donna Belle Mullenger on a farm near Denison, Iowa, the eldest of five children.
In 1936, while she was a sophomore at Denison High School, her chemistry teacher Edward Tompkins gave her the book How to Win Friends and Influence People. The book is said to have greatly influenced her life.
After graduating from Denison High School, Reed decided to move to California to attend Los Angeles City College on the advice of her aunt. While attending college, she signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer with the condition of finishing her education first.
In 1941 after signing with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Reed made her film debut in The Get-Away opposite Robert Sterling. MGM soon changed her name to Donna Reed, as there was anti-German feeling during World War II.
Like many starlets at MGM, she played opposite Mickey Rooney in an Andy Hardy film, in her case the hugely popular The Courtship of Andy Hardy (1942). She also had a support role in The Human Comedy (1943) with Mickey Rooney, a big film for MGM. That year, she was married to make-up artist William Tuttle, but the marriage only lasted two years.
Her "girl-next-door" good looks and warm onstage personality made her a popular pin-up for many GIs during World War II.
In 1945 after divorcing her first husband, Donna Reed married producer Tony Owen. They raised four children together, with the two older children being adopted.
MGM lent her to RKO Pictures for the role of Mary Bailey in Frank Capra's It's a Wonderful Life. The film has since been named as one of the 100 best American films ever made by the American Film Institute and is regularly aired on television during the Christmas season.
Reed later said it was "the most difficult film I ever did. No director ever demanded as much of me."
Back at MGM she appeared in Green Dolphin Street (1947) with Lana Turner and Van Heflin, a big hit.
In June 1950 Reed signed a contract with Columbia Studios.
In 1953, Donna Reed played the role of Alma "Lorene" Burke, girlfriend of Montgomery Clift's character in the World War II drama From Here to Eternity (1953). The role earned Reed an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
But the qualities of her parts did not seem to improve afterwards.
In 1954, she returned to MGM to act in The Last Time I Saw Paris (1954)which starred Elizabeth Taylor.
From 1958 to 1966, Reed starred in The Donna Reed Show, a television series produced by her then-husband, Tony Owen. The show featured her as Donna Stone, the wife of pediatrician Alex Stone (Carl Betz) and mother of Jeff (Paul Petersen) and Mary Stone (Shelley Fabares). Reed was attracted to the idea of being in a comedy, something with which she did not have much experience. She also liked playing a wife.
The show ran for eight seasons on ABC and Reed won a Golden Globe Award and earned four Emmy Award nominations for her work on the series.
When The Donna Reed Show ended its run in 1966, Reed took time off from acting to concentrate on raising her children and engaging in political activism. She returned to acting in the late '70s, appearing in some TV movies.
In 1971, Donna Reed and her second husband Tony Owen divorced after 26 years of marriage.
Three years later, Reed married Grover W. Asmus (1926–2003), a retired United States Army colonel. They remained married until her death in 1986.
Donna Reed died of pancreatic cancer in Beverly Hills, California, on January 14, 1986, 13 days shy of her 65th birthday. She had been diagnosed with the illness three months earlier and told it was at a terminal stage.
Profile Roger Vadim
Roger Vadim Plemiannikov (26 January 1928 – 11 February 2000) was a French screenwriter, film director and producer, as well as an author, artist and occasional actor. His best-known works are visually lavish films with erotic qualities, such as And God Created Woman (1956), Barbarella (1968), and Pretty Maids All in a Row (1971).
Roger Vadim Plémiannikov, dit Roger Vadim, né le 26 janvier 1928 dans le 5e arrondissement de Paris et mort le 11 février 2000 dans le 13e arrondissement, est un réalisateur, scénariste, acteur, romancier et poète français.
Passionné de cinéma, de littérature, de musique, mais également célèbre « homme à femmes », il a aussi écrit et réalisé des films pour mettre en scène certaines de ses compagnes et en faire des stars du grand écran, notamment Brigitte Bardot, Annette Stroyberg, Catherine Deneuve et Jane Fonda.
Vadim was born Roger Vadim Plemiannikov in Paris. His father, Igor Nikolaevich Plemiannikov, a White Russian military officer and pianist, had emigrated from imperial Russia and became a naturalized French citizen. He was a vice consul of France to Egypt, stationed in Alexandria, later posting to Mersin, Turkey as a consul. Vadim's mother, Marie-Antoinette was a French actress. Although Vadim lived as a diplomat's child in Northern Africa and the Middle East in his early youth, the death of his father when Vadim was nine years old caused the family to return to France.
Vadim studied journalism and writing at the University of Paris, without graduating.
At age 19, he became assistant to film director Marc Allégret, whom he met while working at the Theatre Sarah Bernhardt, and for whom he worked on several screenplays.
It was when he worked for Marc Allégret, that he discovered Brigitte Bardot and convinced the latter to audition her. Vadim and Bardot fell in love, and they waited until 1952 when Brigitte Bardot was 18 years old to get married in Paris.
In 1956, Vadim created And God Created Woman for his young wife, which was also his first film as a director. The film was doing ok in France, but achieved huge success in the United States and around the world, establishing Bardot as a world icon.
During the filming, however, Brigitte Bardot fell in love with her co-star Jean-Louis Trintignant, and left Roger Vadim. The couple divorced in December 1957, just 5 years after their marriage.
After Brigitte Bardot, Roger Vadim will repeat several times his patter of falling love with a woman and make her his protagonist in his film, although it seems the love lasts just a little big longer than the film.
The first of such women was Annette Stroyberg(7 December 1936-12 December 2005), a Danish model. Roger Vadim married her in June 1958 and put her into his second most famous film Les liaisons dangereuses (1959) together with Jeanne Moreau and Gérard Philipe (in his final film). The film did not succeed, and the couple divorced in 1961, shortly after the release of the film.
Then it was Catherine Deneuve whom Roger Vadim met in 1961 when she was filming the anthology film Tales of Paris (1962), and who starred in his films like And Satan Calls the Turns (1962) and Vice and Virtue (1963), but they left each other in 1963.
Then Jane Fonda. He met the American actress in 1964 and married her in 1967. He directed her in The Game Is Over (1966), based on a book by Émile Zola, then in a science fiction sex comedy, Barbarella (1968). Both films failed, as his marriage to Jane Fonda. They divorced in 1972.
In 1976, Roger Vadim directed Une femme fidèle, a Madame Bovary sort of period drama, played by Dutch model and actress Sylvia Kristel who has already become internationally famous for starring in erotic French film Emmanuelle released in 1974. But the film did not succeed either.
In 1988, Vadim attempted to recapture his former success with a new version of And God Created Woman (1988), with Rebecca de Mornay. Very different from the original – it only really used the same title – it failed critically and commercially.
After that, Roger Vadim turned his attention to TV, and it was in the world of TV, he found his last wife, French actress Marie-Christine Barrault and serenity. Like he did with all of his previous women, he became the director of Marie-Christine Barrault as well, both in theatre and TV, including Un coup de baguette magique (1997), which was last time Vadim worked as a director.
Roger Vadim was not just a woman's man, but also a renaissance man.
In addition to his theatre and film work, Roger Vadim also wrote several books, including the memoirs "Memoires du Diable", "Le Gout du Bonheur: Souvenirs 1940–1958" and an autobiography, D'une étoile à l'autre (From One Star to the Next) as well as a tell-all about his most famous exes, Bardot, Deneuve & Fonda: My Life with the Three Most Beautiful Women in the World, published in 1986. "My attitude is that if this book makes me a little money it will be a tiny compensation for all the money I helped those actresses make", Vadim explained. He also wrote several plays and books of fiction, including L'Ange Affame.
Roger Vadim died of cancer at age 72 on 11 February 2000. Ex-wives Bardot, Fonda, Schneider and Stroyberg were all in attendance at his funeral. He is buried at St. Tropez Cemetery.
Roger Vadim est le fils d'Igor Nicolaïevitch Plémiannikov (1904-1938), d'une famille de la noblesse russe, que la tradition familiale rattache à Gengis Khan. Engagé dans l'armée Wrangel à quatorze ans pour combattre les bolcheviques, Igor est fait prisonnier et condamné à mort ; parvenant à s'enfuir la veille de son exécution, Il arrive en France en octobre 1924 et est naturalisé français en 1928. Il est nommé vice-consul de France en Égypte, où Roger Vadim passe sa petite enfance dans un univers romanesque.
Lors de sa naissance, ses parents n'étaient pas mariés, son père étant alors toujours dans les liens d'un premier mariage avec une Russe.
Fin 1938, il a 10 ans lorsque son père meurt, sa mère, lui et sa sœur Hélène s'installent en location dans une ferme des Gets, mais puis retourne s'installer à Paris.
En 1947, à 19 ans, il abandonne sa scolarité à l’Institut d'études politiques de Paris (Sciences Po) et préfère la vie d'artiste peintre ou d'acteur à Paris.
L'écrivain André Gide lui fait connaître le réalisateur Marc Allégret dont il devient l'assistant tout en étant journaliste et reporter-photographe à Paris Match jusqu'en 1956.
En 1949, il remarque Brigitte Bardot, âgée alors de 15 ans, en couverture du magazine Elle, et demande à Marc Allégret de la faire auditionner pour un rôle. Le coup de foudre est immédiat et réciproque.
En 1950, le jeune couple d'amoureux (il a 22 ans, elle en a 16), se retrouve pour des vacances d'été à Cap Myrtes près de Saint-Tropez. Pour se conformer aux vœux de M. et Mme Bardot, ils doivent attendre les 18 ans de Brigitte Bardot pour pouvoir se marier. En 1952, la jeune actrice, Brigitte Bardot, fête ses 18 ans et, le 19 décembre 1952, les deux amoureux peuvent enfin se marier à la mairie puis le 21 à l'église.
Vadim s'ingénie à lancer sa jeune épouse, Bardot dans le monde du cinéma. Il obtient pour elle une participation dans Futures vedettes, réalisé par son mentor Marc Allégret.
En 1956, à 28 ans, il écrit et réalise son premier film, Et Dieu… créa la femme, pour sa femme qui a 22 ans et joue presque son propre rôle face à Jean-Louis Trintignant, complice régulier de Vadim et qui obtient grâce à ce film la reconnaissance publique.
Juliette est une jeune femme ingénue totalement insouciante, au sommet de sa beauté. Elle fait exploser les cœurs et les mœurs de tous les hommes du village de pêcheurs de Saint-Tropez où elle vit. Elle ne pense qu'à s'amuser et aux plaisirs de la vie dans une communauté traditionnellement attachée aux bonnes mœurs et au travail.
Le film obtient un succès relatif en France, mais triomphe aux États-Unis. Brigitte Bardot devient un mythe vivant, un modèle social et un sex-symbol international. Le film déchaîne autant de passions, et d'idolâtrie, que de scandale et de colère contre l'immoralité, et fait du petit village de pêcheurs de Saint-Tropez un endroit de légende par la seule présence de Bardot. Brigitte étant tombée amoureuse de son partenaire Jean-Louis Trintignant, le couple Bardot-Vadim divorce en décembre 1957.
Vadim tournera quatre autres films avec Brigitte en 1958, 1961, 1962 et 1973, sans jamais retrouver l'éclat du premier malgré la recherche de sujets à scandales :par exemple dans Don Juan 73 où Bardot partage une scène d'amour avec Jane Birkin.
En 1959, il tourne l'adaptation du roman de Choderlos de Laclos écrite par Roger Vailland, Les Liaisons dangereuses 1960 avec Gérard Philipe, Jeanne Moreau, Jean-Louis Trintignant, et Annette Stroyberg(1936-2005), rencontrée lors du tournage des Bijoutiers du clair de lune, qu'il épouse, le 17 juin 1958, et qui lui donnera une fille.
Espérant le même succès avec Annette Stroyberg dans Les Liaisons dangereuses 1960, qu'avec Bardot, il est déçu, la critique traditionnelle ne lui pardonne pas ce nouvel écart aux bonnes mœurs. Vadim et Annette divorcent en 1960 après avoir tourné ensemble Et mourir de plaisir.
En 1961, il a 33 ans et rencontre Catherine Deneuve qui en a 17, sur le tournage du film Les Parisiennes, de Marc Allégret, film dont il a écrit le sketch Sophie.
Ils tombent amoureux en une soirée, et se mettent en ménage; un fils, Christian Vadim, naît le 18 juin 1963.
Vadim offre à Deneuve son premier grand rôle sur le thème du marquis de Sade et du nazisme dans Le Vice et la Vertu, en 1963, où elle est opposée à Annie Girardot. Le film, écrit par Roger Vailland, est boudé par le public et la critique.
En 1964, à 36 ans, il éprouve un nouveau coup de foudre pour l'actrice américaine Jane Fonda, âgée de 27 ans, sur le plateau de La Ronde d'après Arthur Schnitzler. Ils se marient le 18 mai 1967 à Saint-Ouen-Marchefroy et auront une fille, Vanessa.
Le metteur en scène fait tourner sa nouvelle épouse dans La Curée en compagnie de Michel Piccoli, d'après Émile Zola - le film est un échec - et dans Barbarella, science-fiction érotique d'après la bande dessinée de Jean-Claude Forest. Ce film est le dernier succès de Vadim au cinéma.
Jane quitte Vadim pour s'engager dans une association contre la Guerre du Viêt Nam en retournant vivre aux États-Unis. Ils divorcent en 1972.
En 1972, à 44 ans, alors qu'il vient de réaliser Si tu crois fillette avec Rock Hudson et Angie Dickinson, il rencontre Catherine Schneider, fille de Charles Schneider et de Lilian Constantini, héritière de l’empire sidérurgique Schneider, avec qui il a un fils Vania. Ils se marient en 1975, mais divorcent deux ans plus tard en 1977.
Après ce quatrième divorce, Vadim débute à la télévision avec Bonheur, Impair et Passe, nouvelle adaptation de Françoise Sagan au casting trois étoiles : Danielle Darrieux, Ludmila Mikaël et Philippe Léotard.
En 1980, à 52 ans, il rencontre Ann Biderman, une scénariste américaine, âgée de 29 ans, ils se fiancent en 1984, mais se séparent en 1986.
En 1988, il réalise un remake de son plus grand succès, And God Created Woman (1988), avec Rebecca De Mornay pour succéder à Brigitte Bardot.
En 1990, à 62 ans, il trouve enfin la sérénité auprès de la comédienne Marie-Christine Barrault, qu'il rencontre au Festival du film policier de Cognac, où ils sont tous les deux membres du jury. Après avoir vécu quelque temps ensemble, ils se marient le 21 décembre 1990.
Vadim met en scène Marie-Christine Barrault pour le théâtre (Même heure l'année prochaine, Enfin seuls !) et pour la télévision dans Amour fou, La Nouvelle tribu, Mon père avait raison et dans Un coup de baguette magique, sa dernière réalisation.
Toute sa vie, il restera fidèle aux Gets où il tourne certains extérieurs de ses films Les Liaisons dangereuses, L'Amour fou et Hellé et où il vécut avec Marie-Christine Barrault. En 1992, il y a acheté une ancienne ferme au Plan-Ferraz.
En 1993, Vadim passe à l'écriture de quatre romans, dont Le Goût du bonheur, où il met en scène, comme à son habitude, ses femmes,
Gravement malade depuis plusieurs mois, il meurt le 11 février 2000 à Paris à l'hôpital, à 72 ans, des suites d'un cancer du thymus.
Il est ensuite enterré en présence de ses cinq ex-compagnes au cimetière marin du village de Saint-Tropez, à quelques mètres du rivage, face au golfe de Saint-Tropez et de « la Madrague », propriété de Brigitte Bardot.
Nathalie Kay "Tippi" Hedren (born January 19, 1930) is an American actress, animal rights activist, and former fashion model.
A successful fashion model who appeared on the front covers of Life and Glamour magazines, among others, Hedren became an actress after she was discovered by director Alfred Hitchcock while appearing on a television commercial in 1961.
She received world recognition for her work in two of his films: the suspense-thriller The Birds (1963), for which she won a Golden Globe, and the psychological drama Marnie (1964). She has appeared in over 80 films and television shows, including Charlie Chaplin's final film A Countess from Hong Kong (1967).
Among other honors, her contributions to world cinema have been recognized with the Jules Verne Award and a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Hedren's strong commitment to animal rescue began in 1969 while she was shooting two films in Africa and was introduced to the plight of African lions.
She started her own nonprofit organization, the Roar Foundation, in 1983; it supports the Shambala Preserve, an 80-acre (32 ha) wildlife habitat that enables her to continue her work in the care and preservation of lions and tigers.
Nathalie Kay Hedren was born in New Ulm, Minnesota, on January 19, 1930. Her paternal grandparents were Swedish immigrants, while her mother was of German and Norwegian descent.
As a teenager, she took part in department store fashion shows.
On reaching her 20th birthday, Hedren bought a ticket to New York City, where she joined the Eileen Ford Agency. Within a year, she made her unofficial film debut as "Miss Ice Box" in the musical comedy The Petty Girl.
Although she received several film offers during that time, Hedren had no interest in acting, as she knew it was very difficult to succeed. She had a highly successful modeling career during the 1950s and early 1960s, appearing on the covers of Life, The Saturday Evening Post, McCall's, and Glamour, among others.
In 1961, after seven years of marriage to the actor Peter Griffith, Hedren divorced and returned to California with her daughter, Melanie Griffith.
That same year, director Alfred Hitchcock, saw her in a commercial for a diet drink called Sego, while watching The Today Show, and persuaded her to sign a seven-year contract.
According to Hitchcock: "I was not primarily concerned with how she looked in person. Most important was her appearance on the screen, and I liked that immediately. She has a touch of that high-style, lady-like quality which was once well-represented in films by actresses like Irene Dunne, Grace Kelly, Claudette Colbert, and others, but which is now quite rare."
Hitchcock was impressed with Hedren, he not only asked costume designer Edith Head to design clothes for Hedren's private life, and personally advised her about wine and food, but also asked her to play the leading role in his upcoming film The Birds.
Hitchcock became her drama coach, and gave her an education in film-making, as she attended many of the production meetings such as script, music, or photography conferences.
While promoting The Birds, Hitchcock was full of praise for his new protégée, and compared her to Grace Kelly.
Hedren received the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year, and her role as Melanie Daniels in The Birds was named by Premiere as one of the greatest movie characters of all time.
Hitchcock was so impressed with Hedren's acting abilities, he decided to offer her the leading role of his next film, Marnie (1964), a romantic drama and psychological thriller from the novel by Winston Graham, during the filming of The Birds. Hedren voiced doubts about her ability to play the demanding role, but Hitchcock assured her she could do it. As opposed to The Birds, where she had received little acting guidance, for this film Hedren studied every scene with Hitchcock.
Hedren recalled Marnie as her favorite of the two films she did with Hitchcock for the challenge of playing an emotionally battered young woman who travels from city to city assuming various guises to rob her employers. Despite its original lukewarm reception, the film was later acclaimed and described as a "masterpiece" and Hedren's performance is now regarded as one of the finest in any Hitchcock film.
Marnie was the second and last collaboration between Hedren and Hitchcock.
During the filming of Marnie, Hedren found Hitchcock's behavior toward her increasingly difficult to bear as filming progressed. Hedren told him Marnie would be their last film together and later recalled how Hitchcock told her he would destroy her career.
Hedren's contract terms gave Hitchcock the final say as to any work she could take on and he used that power to turn down several film roles on her behalf. In 1966, Hitchcock finally sold her contract to Universal Studios who ultimately released her from her contract.
In 1983, author Donald Spoto published his second book about Hitchcock, The Dark Side of a Genius, for which Hedren agreed to talk for the first time in detail about her relationship with the director. For years after its release, Hedren was not keen to talk about it in interviews, but thought the chapter devoted to her story was "accurate as to just what he was".
In Spoto's third book about Hitchcock, Spellbound by Beauty (2008), Hedren revealed that Hitchcock actually made offensive demands on her.
Hedren's first feature film appearance after Marnie was in A Countess from Hong Kong (1967), starring Marlon Brando and Sophia Loren, but her part was little more than a cameo, and after that, although she appeared in various films and tv series, Tippi Hedren never again played any leading role in any major film, except Roar, a film about a family's misadventures in a research park filled with lions, tigers, and other wild cats, played by Tippi Hedren and her family, including her daughter Melanie, her then husband Noel Marshall(who also wrote the script), and his own sons.
The film took many years to make and left Hedren and her family members wounded to different degrees during filming. When it was finally released in 1981, it cost $17 million and grossed only $2 million, but it was a turning point in Hedren's life. In 1983, she established the nonprofit The Roar Foundation to take care of the big cats.
After Roar, Hedren accepted any low-budget television or cinema role that could help bring funds to her foundation to provide protection, shelter, care, and maintenance for the animals at the Shambala Preserve.
As of 2020, Hedren still maintains more than a dozen lions and tigers; her granddaughter Dakota Johnson is involved in their care.
In 2006, a Louis Vuitton ad campaign paid tribute to Hedren and Hitchcock with a modern-day interpretation of the deserted railway station opening sequence of Marnie.
In 2012, her look from The Birds (1963) inspired designer Bill Gaytten to design for John Galliano Pre-Fall 2012 collection.
In 2016, Tippi Hedren published her autobiography, Tippi: A Memoir, co-written with Lindsay Harrison.
In 2018, at age 88, Hedren became the new face of Gucci's timepieces and jewelry and starred as a mysterious fortune teller in the brand's commercial ad, The Fortune Teller.