Paloma Picasso (born Anne Paloma Ruiz-Picasso y Gilot on 19 April 1949), is a French and Spanish fashion designer and businesswoman, best known for her jewelry designs for Tiffany & Co. and her signature perfumes. She is the second child and only daughter of 20th-century artist Pablo Picasso and painter Françoise Gilot. She has an older brother Claude Picasso (b. 1947)
Paloma Picasso is represented in many of her father's works, such as Paloma with an Orange and Paloma in Blue.
Paloma Picasso also has half-brother Paulo Picasso (1921–1975), half-sister Maya (b. 1935) from his father's other relations, and another half-sister, Aurelia (b. 1956) from her mother's marriage to artist Luc Simon.
Paloma Picasso, née le 19 avril 1949 à Paris en France, est une créatrice de mode et une femme d’affaires franco-espagnole.
Paloma Picasso's jewelry career began in 1968, when she was a costume designer in Paris. Some rhinestone necklaces she had created from stones purchased at flea markets drew attention from critics. Encouraged by this early success, the designer pursued formal schooling in jewelry design. A year later, Ms. Picasso presented her first efforts to her friend, famed couturier Yves Saint Laurent, who immediately commissioned her to design accessories to accompany one of his collections.
By 1971, she was working for the Greek jewelry company Zolotas. But she briefly lost interest in designing following the death of her father Pablo Picasso in 1973. Meanwhile she played Countess Erzsébet Báthory in Polish filmmaker Walerian Borowczyk's erotic film, Immoral Tales (1973), receiving praise from the critics for her beauty. She has not acted since.
In 1978, Picasso married playwright and director Rafael Lopez-Cambil (also known as Rafael Lopez-Sanchez) in a black-and-white themed wedding. The couple later divorced.
In 1980 Picasso began designing jewelry for Tiffany & Co. of New York, together with Elsa Peretti and Jean Schlumberger (and later Frank Gehry)who worked with this American prominent jewelry retailer.
In 1984 she began experimenting with fragrance, creating the "Paloma" perfume for L'Oréal. In the New York Post Picasso described it as intended for "strong women like herself."A cosmetics and bath line including body lotion, powder, shower gel, and soap were produced in the same year.
In 1999, Picasso married Dr. Eric Thévenet, a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine. Thévenet's interest in art and design has provided valuable insight toward the creation of Picasso's jewelry collections. Paloma Picasso and her husband live in Lausanne, Switzerland and in Marrakech, Morocco.
In 2010, Picasso celebrated her 30th anniversary with Tiffany and Co. by introducing a collection based upon her love of Morocco, called Marrakesh. In 2011, she debuted her Venezia collection, which celebrates the city of Venice and its motifs.
Two American museums have acquired Ms. Picasso's work for their permanent collections: Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History and The Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago.
In 1988, Ms. Picasso was honored by The Fashion Group as one of the "Women Who Have Made an Extraordinary Impact on Our Industry."The Hispanic Designers Inc. presented her with its MODA award for design excellence.
Since 1983, she has been a member of the International Best Dressed List.
Picasso has a penchant for red; her red lipsticks were called "her calling cards". François Nars says about Paloma, "It's her signature, defining, one might say, the designer's red period."
Her fascination with red started at an early age, when she began wearing bright red lipstick at age 6. She has become recognizable by her red lipstick; When she feels like staying incognito, she simply avoids wearing her red lipstick: "Red lips have become my signature, so when I don’t want to be recognized, I don’t wear it."
Paloma Picasso est la fille de Pablo Picasso et de Françoise Gilot et la sœur cadette de Claude Picasso.
Très tôt, Paloma Picasso pose pour plusieurs œuvres de son père, telles que Paloma avec orange ou Paloma en bleu. Plus tard, elle se tourne vers le secteur de la mode et crée sa propre marque sous laquelle elle sort avec le groupe L'Oréal une licence de parfums, ainsi qu’une ligne de robes du soir. Elle conçoit également des bijoux pour Tiffany & Co. depuis 1980 et fréquente le mythique Studio 54.
Elle fait une apparition remarquée dans le film érotique du réalisateur polonais Walerian Borowczyk Immoral Tales - Les Contes immoraux (1974) dans le rôle de la comtesse Erzsébet Báthory.
Aujourd’hui, Paloma Picasso vit à Lausanne, en Suisse, et à Marrakech au Maroc.
Paloma Picasso épouse en 1978 à Paris le metteur en scène Rafael Lopez-Sanchez. La réception de mariage est donnée chez Karl Lagerfeld, en présence d'Yves Saint Laurent, Pierre Bergé, Jacques de Bascher, Anna Piaggi, Xavier de Castella, Serge Lifar, Loulou de la Falaise, Thadée Klossowski, Caroline Loeb, Manolo Blahnik, Kenzo et d'autres personnalités à la mode de l'époque. La soirée continue ensuite au Palace de Fabrice Emaer. Le couple divorce en 1999 et Paloma se remarie avec le Docteur Éric Thévenet, ostéopathe.
Anne Paloma Ruiz-Picasso Gilot, (19 de abril de 1949, en Vallauris, Francia) más conocida como Paloma Picasso es una empresaria y diseñadora de moda franco-española, hija del artista Pablo Ruiz Picasso y de la pintora y escritora francesa Françoise Gilot. Sus otros hermanos son Claude Picasso, Paulo Picasso y Maya Picasso.
Su nombre, Paloma, se asocia con el símbolo que diseñó su padre para el Congreso Mundial de Partisanos por la Paz, celebrado en París el mismo año en que nació Paloma, y que puede ser encontrado en muchas de las obras de su padre.
Es especialmente conocida por sus diseños de joyas y la marca de perfume que lleva su nombre.
La carrera de Paloma Picasso en el mundo de la Joyería empezó en 1968, cuando era diseñadora de ropa en París. Los collares de fantasía que creaba para ser vendidos en pequeños mercados llamaron la atención de los críticos, llevándola a iniciar su formación en cursos de Joyería. Poco después, Yves Saint Laurent la invitó a diseñar complementos para una de sus colecciones, y en 1971 ya estaba trabajando para la Joyería griega Zolotas.
Diseñó también escenarios para el autor y director teatral Rafael López-Cambil (también conocido como Rafael López-Sánchez, con quién se casaría en 1978).
Tras la muerte de su padre en 1973, Paloma Picasso perdió el interés por el diseño durante un tiempo, y por aquel entonces interpretó el papel de la Condesa Erzsebet Báthory en la película erótica Cuentos inmorales, del director polaco Walerian Borowczyk, recibiendo elogios de la crítica por su belleza. No ha vuelto a actuar.
En 1980 Picasso comenzó a diseñar para Tiffany & Co. de Nueva York (lo que continua haciendo hasta la fecha). En sus primeras creaciones combinaba el color con una amplia variedad de piedras, con audaces diseños. Empezó a utilizar el símbolo de la paloma y el color rojo como su sello personal, algo que continuaría haciendo durante toda su carrera.
Con el tiempo, Paloma Picasso empezó a diversificar su actividad hacia nuevos campos del diseño, siendo así como en 1984 empezó a introducirse en el mundo de los perfumes, creando el muy exitoso "Paloma", para L'Oréal. Su marido, López-Cambil, potenció la imagen visual del producto con un empaquetado en rojo y negro y la característica forma del envase. En un artículo publicado en el New York Times Paloma definió su perfume como "el más adecuado para mujeres fuertes" como ella. Ese mismo año comenzó a fabricarse una línea de baño que incluía loción corporal, maquillaje, gel de baño y jabón.
En el año 2000, Paloma Picasso, famosa por sus atrevidos diseños, dio un giro a su carrera. Los colores primarios dieron paso al gris, al dorado y al ocre. Dicho cambio se vio también reflejado en la imagen personal de la diseñadora.
Paul Leonard Newman (January 26, 1925 – September 26, 2008) was an American actor, film director, race car driver, and entrepreneur. He was the recipient of numerous awards, including an Academy Award, a BAFTA Award, three Golden Globe Awards, a Screen Actors Guild Award, a Primetime Emmy Award, the Cecil B. DeMille Award, and the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award.
Newman won several national championships as a driver in Sports Car Club of America road racing, and his race teams won several championships in open-wheel IndyCar racing. He was also a committed philanthropist, co-founding Newman's Own, a food company from which he donated all post-tax profits and royalties to charity. As of July 2019, these donations have totaled over US$550 million.
Newman was born January 26, 1925, in Shaker Heights, Ohio, the second son of Theresa Garth(1894–1982) and Arthur Sigmund Newman Sr. (1893–1950), who ran a sporting goods store where her mother worked as well. His father was Jewish, Paul's mother was a practitioner of Christian Science. Newman practised no religion as an adult, but described himself as a Jew.
Newman showed an early interest in the theater; his first role was at the age of seven, playing the court jester in a school production of Robin Hood. At age 10, Newman performed at the Cleveland Play House in a production of Saint George and the Dragon. In 1943, he briefly attended Ohio University in Athens, Ohio, where he was initiated into the Phi Kappa Tau fraternity.
Newman served in the United States Navy in World War II in the Pacific theater. Initially, he enrolled in the Navy V-12 pilot training program at Yale University, but was dropped when his colorblindness was discovered.
After the war, Newman completed his Bachelor of Arts degree in drama and economics at Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio in 1949 and later attended the Yale School of Drama for one year.
In 1949, Newman married Jackie Witte. They had a son, Scott (1950–1978), and two daughters, Susan (born 1953) and Stephanie Kendall (born 1954). Scott died in November 1978 from a drug overdose. Newman started the Scott Newman Center for drug abuse prevention in memory of his son.
In 1951, Newman decided to move with his family to New York City to study under Lee Strasberg at the Actors Studio
He made his Broadway theater debut in the original production of William Inge's Picnic with Kim Stanley in 1953.
During this time Newman also started acting in television. His first credited role was in a 1952 episode of Tales of Tomorrow entitled "Ice from Space".
In February 1954, Newman appeared in a screen test with James Dean for East of Eden (1955). Dean won his part, but Newman did not. After James Dean's death, Newman replaced Dean in the role of a boxer in a television adaptation of Hemingway's story "The Battler", written by A. E. Hotchner(who later would become his friend and business partner), that was broadcast live on October 18, 1955. That performance led to his breakthrough role as Rocky Graziano in the film Somebody Up There Likes Me in 1956. Newman garnered much attention and acclaim for his role.
In 1957, Newman starred in The Long, Hot Summer for which he won Best Actor at the 1958 Cannes Film Festival. While filming, he reconnected with his co-star Joanne Woodward whom he met a few years ago.
Newman met actress Joanne Woodward in 1953, on the production of Picnic on Broadway. It was Newman's debut; Woodward was an understudy.
Shortly after filming The Long, Hot Summer in 1957, he divorced Jackie Witte and married Woodward in early 1958. They bought a home in Westport, Connecticut, one of the first Hollywood movie star couples to choose to raise their families outside California. They had three daughters: Elinor "Nell" Teresa (b. 1959), Melissa "Lissy" Stewart (b. 1961), and Claire "Clea" Olivia (b. 1965). Newman was well known for his devotion to his wife and family.
After his marriage to Woodward they appeared together in movies such as From the Terrace (1960), Paris Blues (1961), A New Kind of Love (1963), Winning (1969), WUSA (1970), Harry & Son (1984), and Mr. and Mrs. Bridge (1990). He also directed four feature films starring his wife Woodward.
In 1958, Newman garnered his first Academy Award nomination for his role in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958)a box-office smash, opposite Elizabeth Taylor.
But his major films are mostly in the 60s and 70s, such as The Hustler (1961), Hud (1963), Harper (1966), Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969), and leading roles in The Sting (1973), The Towering Inferno (1974), Slap Shot (1977), The Verdict (1982), etc.
Twenty-five years after The Hustler, Newman reprised his role of "Fast Eddie" Felson in the Martin Scorsese–directed film The Color of Money (1986), for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor after being nominated 10 times.
In 2003, Newman appeared in a Broadway revival of Wilder's Our Town, receiving his first Tony Award nomination for his performance.
Newman's last movie appearance was as a conflicted mob boss in the 2002 film Road to Perdition opposite Tom Hanks, for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. His last onscreen appearance was in 2005 in the HBO mini-series Empire Falls for which he won a Golden Globe and a Primetime Emmy.
Newman retired from acting in May 2007.
Since his success in Hollywood, Paul Newman had been actively involved in philanthropy.
In 1982, Newman founded Newman's Own with his friend With writer A. E. Hotchner. The brand started with salad dressing and has expanded to include pasta sauce, lemonade, popcorn, salsa, and wine, among other things. Newman established a policy that all proceeds, after taxes, would be donated to charity. He co-wrote a memoir about the subject with Hotchner, Shameless Exploitation in Pursuit of the Common Good.
Since then until his death, Paul Newman kept donating generously to various charities, institutions and causes.
In 1983, Newman became a Major Donor for The Mirror Theater Ltd, alongside Dustin Hoffman and Al Pacino, matching a grant from Laurence Rockefeller. Newman was inspired to invest by his connection with Lee Strasberg, as Lee's then daughter-in-law Sabra Jones was the Founder and Producing Artistic Director of The Mirror. Paul Newman remained a friend of the company until his death and discussed at numerous times possible productions in which he could star with his wife, Joanne Woodward.
In June 1999, Newman donated $250,000 to Catholic Relief Services to aid refugees in Kosovo.
On June 1, 2007, Kenyon College of which Newman once a student, announced that Newman had donated $10 million to the school to establish a scholarship fund as part of the college's $230 million fund-raising campaign. Newman and Woodward were honorary co-chairs of a previous campaign.
Newman was named the Most Generous Celebrity of 2008 by Givingback.org. He contributed $20,857,000 for the year of 2008 to the Newman's Own Foundation, which distributes funds to a variety of charities.
In June 2008, it was widely reported in the press that Newmann had been diagnosed with lung cancer and was receiving treatment for the condition at the Sloan-Kettering hospital in New York City. A. E. Hotchner, told the Associated Press in an interview in mid-2008 that Newman had told him about being afflicted with the disease about 18 months earlier. The actor was a heavy cigarette smoker until he quit in 1986.
Paul Newman died on the morning of September 26, 2008, surrounded by friends and family. He was 83 years old.
At the time of his death, he had been married to his wife Joanne Woodward for 50 years. Newman has attributed their relationship success to "some combination of lust and respect and patience. And determination."
Paul Newman was cremated after a private funeral service near his home in Westport, Connecticut.
Pamela Beryl Harriman (20 March 1920 – 5 February 1997), also known as Pamela Churchill Harriman, was an English-born American political activist for the Democratic Party, diplomat, and socialite.
She was a descendant of the Earls of Leicester and Ilchester and the Dukes of Atholl. She was a first cousin of Lavinia Fitzalan-Howard, Duchess of Norfolk. She was also a third cousin, once removed, of Angus Ogilvy, husband of Queen Elizabeth's cousin, Alexandra of Kent. She was also a fourth cousin, once removed, of Sarah, Duchess of York.
She married three important and powerful men, her first husband being Randolph Churchill, the son of prime minister Winston Churchill. Her only child, Winston Churchill, was named after his famous grandfather.
Pamela Digby was born in Farnborough, Hampshire, England, the daughter of Edward Digby, 11th Baron Digby, and his wife, Constance Pamela Alice, the daughter of Henry Campbell Bruce, 2nd Baron Aberdare. She was educated by governesses in the ancestral home at Minterne Magna in Dorset, along with her three younger siblings. Her great-great aunt was the nineteenth-century adventurer and courtesan Jane Digby (1807–1881), notorious for her exotic travels and scandalous personal life. Pamela was to follow in her ancestor's footsteps, and has been called "the 20th-century's most influential courtesan".
Raised amid acres of Dorset farmland and woods, from an early age Pamela was a very good horsewoman. She competed at shows at the International Olympia, Royal Bath and West Show, and local shows at Dorchester and Melplash. She show-jumped a tiny pony called Stardust that did a clear round at Olympia when every fence was above the animal's withers.
At the age of seventeen, she was sent to a Munich boarding school for six months. While there she was introduced to Adolf Hitler by her friend Unity Mitford, one of the six Mitford sister.. She subsequently went to Paris, taking some classes at the Sorbonne. By 1937, she had returned to Britain.
In 1939, while working at the Foreign Office in London doing French-to-English translations, Pamela met Randolph Churchill, the son of Winston Churchill, and a womaniser and alcoholic, desperate for a wife, having already proposed to eight women in the space of two weeks. Randolph proposed to her on the very evening they met, and they were married on 4 October 1939.
Two days after Randolph Churchill took his seat in the House of Commons, their son Winston was born. Shortly after giving birth, Pamela and the newborn were photographed by Cecil Beaton for Life magazine, its first cover of a mother with baby.
In February 1941, Randolph was sent to Cairo for military service, where he accrued large gambling debts.
During her marriage to Randolph Churchill, she had romantic involvements with several men of prominence and wealth such as: W. Averell Harriman, who much later became her third husband; Edward R. Murrow; and John Hay "Jock" Whitney.
Eventually, Pamela filed for divorce in December 1945 on the grounds that he had deserted her for three years.
After her divorce from Randolph Churchill, Pamela moved to Paris and in 1948 began her five-year-long affair with Gianni Agnelli. She described this as the happiest period of her life. She converted to Catholicism, and obtained an annulment of her marriage with Randolph Churchill from the Catholic Church, in the hope to marry Gianni Agnelli.
Agnelli, however, did not have the same intention. In 1952, Pamela found him with a young woman, Anne-Marie d'Estainville. And one year later, in November of 1953, Gianni Agnelli married Italian Prrincess Marella Caracciolo di Castagneto. Pamela Churchill ended the affair.
Her next significant relationship was with Baron Ellie de Rothschild, who was married. He supported her financially, and she was schooled in art history and wine-making during this clandestine and short relationship. During this time she also entertained an affair with the writer Maurice Druon and with the shipping magnate Stavros Niarchos.
Other notable men Pamela Churchill was involved with after her divorce from Churchill included Prince Aly Khan, William S. Paley, Alfonso de Portago,etc.
In 1959, Pamela Churchill met Broadway producer Leland Hayward, who was still married to Slim Hawks. She moved to New York City.
The day Hayward's divorce was final, she became the fifth Mrs. Hayward with the ceremony taking place in Carson City, Nevada, on 4 May 1960. Hayward was rich with income from his productions, notably the very successful The Sound of Music, allowing for a lavish and luxurious lifestyle mostly between their residence in New York City and the Westchester County estate "Haywire." Pamela Hayward stayed with her husband until his death on 18 March 1971.
The day after Hayward's funeral, Pamela arranged to resume her acquaintance with her former lover, Harriman, then 79 years old and recently widowed.
They were married on 27 September 1971. As Pamela Churchill Harriman she became a United States citizen in the same year.
With this marriage, her social focus was moved to Washington, D.C., where he owned a townhouse in Georgetown from which they entertained many notable people. Harriman, a railroad heir, was wealthy and also bought an estate in Virginia and a private jet. With Harriman's involvement and links in the Democratic Party, her political career began.
In 1980, the National Women's Democratic Club named her "Woman of the Year".
In 1986, when W. Averell Harriman died, Pamela stayed at his side, remaining Pamela Harriman and inherited 115 million dollars.
In 1993, U.S. President Bill Clinton of United States appointed her as Ambassador to France.
Pamela Churchill Harriman died on 5 February 1997 at the American Hospital, Neuilly-sur-Seine, after suffering a cerebral haemorrhage while swimming at the Paris Ritz one day earlier.
The morning after her death, President Jacques Chirac of France placed the Grand Cross of the Légion d'honneur on her flag-draped coffin. She was the first female foreign diplomat to receive this honour.
President Bill Clinton, in further recognition of her contributions and significance, dispatched Air Force One to return her body to the US and spoke at her funeral at the Washington National Cathedral in Washington, D.C., mentioning her public service in glowing terms.
Pamela Churchill Harriman was buried 14 February 1997 at Arden, the former Harriman estate in New York.