Erwin Blumenfeld (geboren 26. Januar 1897 in Berlin; gestorben 4. Juli 1969 in Rom) war ein Fotograf deutsch-jüdischer Herkunft und in den 1940er und 1950er Jahren einer der weltweit gefragtesten Porträt- und Modefotografen.
Erwin Blumenfeld (26 January 1897 – 4 July 1969) was an American photographer of German origin. He was born in Berlin, and in 1941 emigrated to the United States, where he soon became a successful and well-paid fashion photographer, working as a free-lancer for Harper's Bazaar, Life and American Vogue. His personal photographic work showed the influence of Dadaism and Surrealism; his two main areas of interest were death and women. He was expert in laboratory work, and experimented with photographic techniques such as distortion, multiple exposure, photo-montage and solarisation.
Blumenfeld was born in Berlin on 26 January 1897. As a young man he worked in the clothes trade and wrote poetry.
In 1918 he went to Amsterdam, where he came into contact with Paul Citroen and Georg Grosz.
In 1933 he made a photomontage showing Hitler as a skull with a swastika on its forehead; this image was later used in Allied propaganda material in 1943.
In 1921, he married Lena Citroen, with whom he had three children. In 1922 he started a leather goods shop, which failed in 1935.He moved to Paris, where in 1936 he set up as a photographer and did free-lance work for French Vogue.
After the outbreak of the Second World War he was placed in an internment camp; in 1941 he was able to emigrate to the United States. There he soon became a successful and well-paid fashion photographer, and worked as a free-lancer for Harper's Bazaar, Life and American Vogue.
Ervin Blumenfeld died in Rome on 4 July 1969.
Blumenfeld started working on Blumenfeld: Meine 100 Besten Fotos in 1955; it was eventually published in 1979; an English translation, Blumenfeld: My One Hundred Best Photos, was published in New York in 1981.
Another autobiographical work was published in German as Einbildungsroman by Eichborn Verlag in 1998, and in English as Eye to I: The Autobiography of a Photographer by Thames and Hudson in 1999
Eye to I: The Autobiography of a Photographer
de Erwin Blumenfeld
Erwin Blumenfeld (1897-1969). Photographies, dessins et photomontages
Biography of Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone was born in Rome on Nov. 10, 1928, and started composing film music in his early 30s, Among his best-known compositions are those for Sergio Leone's The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) and Once Upon a Time in the West (1968), Roland Joffé's The Mission (1986), Brian De Palma's The Untouchables (1987), Giuseppe Tornatore's Cinema Paradiso(1988) and Steve Zissou's The Life Aquatic (2004).
In more than half decade, Ennio has composed for more 500 films and tv series, as well as standalone concertos. In an interview conducted in 1984, he was asked about his favorite music score and theme, but he said it was very hard to say, every one of them was like his daughter, but he did admit the most difficult one he ever worked on was the music score for The Red Rock, and he thought the most beautiful one was for Once Upon a Time in the West.
This same mismatchedness happened for the films of other genres he worked for, such as French Policier film Le Professionnel in 1981, a film of corruption and violence. The music were so beautiful and out of this world, they should be used in Epic film of nature like Luc Besson's Le Gran Bleu instead of Le Professionnel. In particular the music score Le vent, le cri.
Only in a few tv series like Marco Polo (1982), films like The Mission (1986), Cinema Paradiso (1988) as well as Malena (2000), both directed by Giuseppe Tornatore, it seemed the soul of his music and that of the film found each other.
Ennio Morricone was born in Rome on 10 Nov.,1928, and started composing film music in his early 30s, Among his best-known compositions are those for Sergio Leone's The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966) and Once Upon a Time in the West (1968), Roland Joffé's The Mission (1986), Brian De Palma's The Untouchables (1987), Giuseppe Tornatore's Cinema Paradiso(1988) and Steve Zissou's The Life Aquatic (2004).
In more than half century, Ennio has composed for more 500 films and tv series, as well as standalone concertos. In an interview conducted in 1984, he was asked about his favorite music score and theme, but he said it was very hard to say, every one of them was like his daughter, but he did admit the most difficult one he ever worked on was the music score for The Red Rock, and he thought the most beautiful one was for Once Upon a Time in the West.
birth place: California, USA
birth date: 28 October 1897
zodiac sign: Scorpio
death place: California, USA
death date: 24 October 1981
“You can have anything you want in life if you dress for it.”
Life of Edith Head:
Edith Head was an American costume designer who won a record eight Academy Awards for Best Costume Design, starting with The Heiress (1949) and ending with The Sting (1973).
Born and raised in California, Head managed to get a job as a costume sketch artist at Paramount Pictures in 1924, without any relevant training by borrowing other students sketches for her job interview. She began designing costumes for silent films, commencing with The Wanderer in 1925 and, by the 1930s, had established herself as one of Hollywood's leading costume designers.
Edith Head first acquired notability for Dorothy Lamour’s trademark sarong dress in The Hurricane(1937), and then became a household name after the Academy Awards created a new category of Costume Designer in 1948.
Over the course of her long career, Edith Head has an astonishing 444 costume designer credits from 1925 to 1982 and was nominated for 35 Academy Awards, annually from 1948 through 1966, and won eight times – receiving more Oscars than any other woman.
Head was considered exceptional for her close working relationships with her subjects, with whom she consulted extensively, as a result, she was a favorite among many of the leading female stars of the 1940s and 1950s, such as Ginger Rogers, Bette Davis, Barbara Stanwyck, Shirley MacLaine, Grace Kelly, Audrey Hepburn, and Elizabeth Taylor.
After 14 years working at Paramount, Edith Head became the head of its costume design department. She worked there until 1967 then moved to Universal Pictures on March 27, possibly prompted by her extensive work for director Alfred Hitchcock, who had moved to Universal in 1960. And she would remain with Universal until her death in 1981.
Books by Edith Head
birth place: Pocatello, USA
birth date: 13 May 1906
zodiac sign: taurus
death place: Los Angeles, USA
death date: 2 December 1968
Profile of Edward Stevenson
Edward Stevenson was American costume designer with over 200 films and television designing credits and had won one Academy Award for his design. The film Citizen Kane (1941) and It`s a wonderful life were perhaps the most famous films in which he was costume design, and his most long time client was American actress Lucille Ball.
Life of Edward Stevenson
In 1924, Stevenson began working as a sketch artist for Norma Talmadge’s production company, and he was also allowed to submit his own designs. One Stevenson design mentioned in numerous accounts is a silver gown worn by Barbara LaMarr in The White Moth (1924).
Edward Stevenson’s first contract as a designer was signed in 1928 with First National Pictures, Inc., then one of the largest theater chains and movie studios in the United States with Warner Brothers having controlling interest, but when Warner Brothers purchased First National Pictures, Stevenson was out of job, and became free lancer for the next few years.
In 1935, Stevenson was hired by RKO as sketch artist, working for other designers and promoted to designer next year, and would work there as RKO´s head designer in its costume and wardrobe department for the most of the next 13 years until 1949.
It was during this period Stevenson had designed costumes for films that become Hollywood classics, like Gunga Din (1939), Citizen Kane (1939), Love Affair (1939), and Alfred Hitchcock’s Suspicion (1941).
1941: Suspicion by Alfred Hitchcock
I love Lucy
After his contract expired in 1950, Edward Stevenson left RKO.
Sometimes in mid 1950s, he started working with Lucille Ball, a former movie actress who had worked with Stevenson in the heyday of RKO for her TV show I love Lucy. Stevenson would work exclusively with Lucille since 1960 until his death of Coronary in 1968. And while working on a Lucille film, The Facts of Life (1960), Stevenson won his solitary Acadamy Award for Black and White Costume Design.