Lisa Fonssagrives (born Lisa Birgitta Bernstone; 17 May 1911 – 4 February 1992), was a Swedish fashion model widely credited with having been the first supermodel. She was also the wife of American photographer Irving Penn.
Lisa Fonssagrives was born Lisa Birgitta Bernstone on 17 May 1911, in Sweden. As a child, she took up painting, sculpting and dancing.
She went to Mary Wigman's school in Berlin and studied art and dance. After returning to Sweden, she opened a dance school.
After participating with choreographer Astrid Malmborg in an international competition, she moved from Sweden to Paris to train for ballet and worked as a private dance teacher with Parisian photographer Fernand Fonssagrives, with whom she married in 1935.
While in Paris in 1936, photographer Willy Maywald discovered her in an elevator and asked her to model hats for him. The photographs were then sent to Vogue, and Vogue photographer Horst P. Horst took some test photographs of her.
In July 1939, she appeared in the German illustrated weekly Der Stern. Before Fonssagrives came to the United States in 1939, she was already a top model.
After she started working as model in the United States, her image appeared on the cover of many magazines during the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s, including Town & Country, Life, Time, Vogue, and the original Vanity Fair. She was reported as "the highest paid, highest praised, high fashion model in the business". Fonssagrives once described herself as a "good clothes hanger".
She worked with fashion photographers including George Hoyningen-Huene, Man Ray, Horst P. Horst, Erwin Blumenfeld, George Platt Lynes, Richard Avedon, Edgar de Evia and Irving Penn, with whom she married in 1950, after divorcing her first husband Fernand Fonssagrives in 1949.
In the 1960s, Lisa Fonssagrives went on to become a sculptor and was represented by the Marlborough Gallery in Manhattan.
Fonssagrives died, aged 80, in New York, survived by her second husband, Irving Penn and her two children: her daughter Mia Fonssagrives-Solow, a fashion and jewelry designer and sculptor, and her son, Tom Penn, a designer.
The Elton John photography collection auction held by Christie's on October 15, 2004, sold a 1950 Irving Penn photograph of his wife, Lisa Fonssagrives, for $57,360.